In this article, we present some tips for your woodworking projects. Have some questions about layout and measuring? Need some tips on woodworking glue, assembly, and fastening? Joints, finishes, cutting, sanding, you’ll discover a lot of tips to help you with your next woodworking project!
Layout & Measuring
Large capacity caliper for big jobs
Use two “c-clamps” to clamp the legs of two 16″ x 24″ framing squares together around/across the object to be measured. Following this procedure, you can even use the scales to measure the distance directly.
Transferring patterns for spindle turnings, legs, etc…
Attach a sheet of white paper (large enough for the pattern) temporarily to the wall. Set the spindle you wish to duplicate vertically in front of the paper and very close to it. Position a bright lamp in line with the spindle so it casts a sharp-edged shadow onto the paper. Adjust the distance between the lamp and the shadow to achieve the sharpest shadow. Then, simply trace along with the shadow with a pencil to transfer the pattern.
Marking Large Diameter Curves Or Arcs
Sometimes, it can be difficult to mark a large diameter curve or arc near the long edge a narrow board — since there’s no place (on the same board) where you can center a string or compass. In those cases, an ordinary sash chain (or other small-linked chains) can be used.
Here’s how: Drive a nail or brad into the face of your stock at either end of your desired curve. Slip a chain link over the brads on either end and stand your board on edge so gravity will cause your chain to droop. Adjust your chain by changing the link on either end, allowing your arc to get larger or smaller. Once your desired arc is attained, mark a dot on your stock at each link or two. Remove the chain and your brads, then connect the dots.
Using A Router To Joint The Edges Of Long Boards
If you’re joining a series of longboards together that may be too cumbersome to handle on a short-bet jointer, try using your hand-held router and a 1/4″ straight bit. Start by laying all of your boards face down on your benchtop or the floor in their proper orientation.
Leaving about 3/16″ between each pair of boards, screw a wooden cleat across the backside of all boards, connecting them together at each end.
Turn your boards back over so they’re face up and clamp a straightedge to them and adjust it so that when your router base rides against it, your 1/4″ bit lines up with the first of your 3/16″ wide spaces.
Turn on your router and make your cut, guiding your router base against the straightedge, cutting a clean, straight edge on two opposing boards simultaneously.
Reposition your straightedge and repeat this process at the spaces between each pair of boards.
Since each pair of mating boards is jointed at the same time, they’ll fit together perfectly every time…even if your straightedge isn’t perfectly straight.
An easy way to measure the distance between inside corners
The next time you need to measure the distance between two inside corners, try this trick.
First, measure-off an even number of inches from one corner towards the center of your area and make a mark. It makes no difference how far you measure…1″, 8″, 18″, 35″, etc. Then, measure from the opposing corner to your mark and add the distance of your first measurement.
A time-saving tool maker’s trick
Tool & die makers use steel “one-two-three” blocks to save time on layouts and setups.
These blocks are exactly 1″ thick, 2″ wide and 3″ long. Woodworkers can also benefit from such blocks. Just make them out of hardwood such as maple or cherry and keep them nearby for fast tool set-ups (such as setting rip fences) and layout jobs (like marking off even distances for dowel holes, etc.
Gluing, assembly & fastening
Giving your nails an improved grip
Any “old-timer” woodworker will tell you that rosin-coated nails have a grip that just won’t quit. Unfortunately, they’re often tough to find.
To make your own, go to a local sporting goods store or bowling pro shop and buy a small package of powdered rosin. Mix 8 tablespoons of powdered rosin with a pint (16 ounces) of denatured alcohol and stir thoroughly until dissolved.
Drop-in your nails and slosh them around a bit to coat them with the solution. Use a magnet to remove them from the solution (or pour or scoop them out). Then, spread them out onto a pile of old newspapers or rags and allow them to dry before use.
CAUTION: DO YOUR MIXING AND COATING OUTDOORS IN A WELL-VENTILATED AREA THAT’S AWAY FROM ANY OPEN FLAMES.
Clamping cauls that won’t stick
It’s often a good idea to use wooden cauls (small, scrap blocks) between the jaws of your clamps and the surfaces they will grip to prevent marring. However, if you’re not careful, some “stray” glue could permanently fasten the cauls to your surface during assembly. Here are four ways to prevent this from happening:
- use wooden cauls that have a polyurethane or other glossy finish on their surfaces
- use 1/4″ or thicker plastic pieces as cauls
- place a piece of waxed paper between your caul and your workpiece
- wrap your caul in ordinary plastic kitchen wrap before use.
Another “mashless” brad holder
Use a fine toothcomb to hold your brads while driving. Just slip the brad between the comb teeth, move it into position and whack fearlessly away with your hammer!
Non-Clog Glue Bottle Tops
The tops of glue bottles are notorious for clogging-up after they’ve set for a while. To prevent this, replace your glue bottle “snouts” with those from dish detergent bottles — the kind that pushes down to seal and pulls up to open.
Soda Straw Glue Cleanup
To remove glue squeeze-out from an inside corner of an assembled project, try using a plastic soda straw. Just force the straw into the corner and run it along the edge. The open end will scoop-up the glue-like “magic”.
Ready-made door shims
The next time you’re making cabinets with flush-fitting doors and need some shims to hold them at a uniform clearance when positioning hinges, try using some “coin of the realm”. In particular, nickels, quarters, dimes or pennies. They’re carefully minted to be of uniform thickness and chances are, you already have some handy in your pocket or piggy bank!
Removing Stubborn Screws
Removing a stuck wood screw without damaging the head or breaking the screw off inside its hole can, at times, be difficult. A well-known “old-timer’s” trick for making a simple task out of this otherwise difficult job is to first heat the head of the screw with a soldering iron. In most cases, it will then back out easily with little or no problem.
Router squeeze-out removal
The next time you’re building a project with lots of assemblies …and lots of potential glue squeeze-out, try this trick. Attach two 1″ wide strips of equal thickness clear plastic or Lexan to opposing sides of your hand-held router base with double-stick carpet tape. Insert a 3/8″ or 1/2″ straight bit into your router, adjust the depth-of-cut so your bit barely touches the wood surface, and run it across the squeeze-out areas, removing it completely.
Hand screw edging clamps
If you don’t own a set of specialized, 3-way clamps for gluing solid wood edging to countertops or plywood shelves, try this trick. Just use your wooden hand screws and some 1″ thick wooden wedges. Apply glue to your edging and place it in position. Clamp a couple of hand screws to the shelf or countertop so their threaded screw rods are 3/4″ or so away from your edging material. Then, drive your wooden wedges between the edging and these screw rods to force the edging against the shelf or top while the glue sets-up.
Gluing small, hard-to-clamp pieces
Sometimes, it’s necessary to glue components together where a clamp just won’t reach. In these instances, try spreading your glue over all but one small spot on your mating pieces.
Allow the glue to set up for a couple of minutes, then apply a small dab of hot melt glue in your “open” spot and press your pieces together until the hot melt sets-up.
Drilling/sizing considerations for wood screws
|Screw size #||Body Size||Drill in softwoods||Pilot Drills in hardwood||Counterbore size*|
*To accept standard sized dowels, plugs or buttons
Holding flat surfaces together during glue-ups
Often, two boards can slip & slide when they are clamped together, surface-to-surface. One way to prevent this is to drive a couple of very small brads into the surface of one board, then cut off their heads at a sharp angle, leaving about 1/16″ protruding above the board’s surface…with a sharp point on each. Then, apply the glue and lay the mating board in position on top and tap firmly with a wooden mallet or the heel of your hand to “impale” the top board on the bottom one, preventing any slippage.
Jointing & Joinery
“Shrinking” Dowels or Biscuits That Fit Too Tightly
The next time you’re having trouble getting a biscuit or dowel to slip into its intended pocket or hole, don’t reach for the sandpaper.
Although this method works great if you only have one or two biscuits or dowels, it can be very time-consuming when you have a lot of them.
When you find yourself in this situation, just “cook” your biscuits or dowels in the microwave for a few minutes. Chances are, they have enough residual moisture in them that the heat will shrink them enough that they’ll slip right into place with little or no trouble.
Avoid Marring Workpiece Surfaces
Even in the most well-maintained shops, rough workbench surfaces (and metal filings or shavings) can often create dents, scratches and other blemishes on the underside of workpieces as they’re being worked. To avoid this, it’s always a good idea to cover your bench surface with sheets of newspaper or brown Kraft or butcher’s wrapping paper before getting started. You might even look for an antique paper dispenser/cutter at a flea market and mount it on the side of your bench end so you always have a supply of paper for the job.
First, bottomed-out bits will almost always make direct contact with the shaft of your router’s motor…transferring the heat created by cutting directly to your motor’s shaft. This will tend to shorten the lift of your router motor.
Second, if a bottomed-out bit seizes in the collet (which frequently happens), you’ll have to PULL it out with pliers, which can be difficult. If your bid isn’t bottomed-out, you can tap it with a piece of wood, freeing it from the collet much more easily.
Stopping Workpiece Slippage When Crosscutting Or Cutting Mitres
Making an accurate crosscut or miter cut can be difficult if your workpiece is slipping against the face of your miter gauge during the cut. If you have a clampdown safety grip, this will solve the problem in most cases.
But, what if your workpiece is too thick to be gripped by such a device?
In these cases, it’s a good idea to glue or double-stick tape a piece of sandpaper to the face of your gauge to prevent this slippage. In fact, there are even special, non-slip strips that have been made especially for this job. The additional accuracy provided by this simple approach is especially helpful when cutting miters.
Fitting shelves tightly into dadoes
If you own a thickness planer, here’s a simple but important tip for making tight-fitting shelf-to-cabinet fits. ALWAYS cut the dado or groove that your shelf is to fit into BEFORE you plane your lumber to thickness. By doing this, you can adjust your shelf thickness slightly to form a snug fit in the groove or dado.
Particle-free smoother for wood finishes
Conventional abrasives and steel wools can, at times leave small abrasive particles or steel fibers in critical wood finishes during the smoothing process. When smoothing a finish that must be free of these particles, try using ScotchBrite pads, instead.
To hold your workpiece off the bench surface during finishing and drying, try driving 4-penny finishing nails through small, 2″ square by 1/4″ to 1/2″ thick blocks of wood until their heads are flush with the surface. Then, turn them over on your benchtop and use them as “feet” to support your projects, suspended above your bench surface during finishing.
Two work piece-holders for finishing operations
- For long, slender workpieces such as legs, etc., drive an open-ended screw hook into one end of your project and use a wire or string to hang it from the ceiling joist from a swivel-type plant hanger.
- For flat workpieces, make long, T-shaped supports by cutting a rabbet down both sides, along one edge of a 12″ to 18″ long piece of scrap wood… leaving a protruding “tongue” down its length. Position this tongue against the edge of the piece to be finished and attach it temporarily with a couple of brads.
These supports will act as “legs” to hold the surface of the piece to be finished off the surface of your benchtop during finishing.
Then, just flip your workpiece over to finish the opposite side.
Applying a finish to the inside of small, hollow bowls or vases
Instead of struggling with a tiny brush that will reach inside your vessel, try blowing it out thoroughly to remove all dust and chips.
Then, pour some finish into the vessel, slosh it around a bit to coat the sides evenly, and pour the extra back into your container of finish.
Spray bottle stain applicator
Spraying is a great way to apply an even coat of stain on a project. But, if you don’t have a compressor and sprayer system, what are you to do? Try using a squeeze handle-type plastic spray bottle like those that come filled with window cleaners, cleaning detergents, etc.
They make a great applicator for stains, as well.
Woodworking stores and specialty shops can often charge a fortune for the beeswax you use to lubricate wood screws, drawer glides, etc. Instead, visit your local home center and purchase a wax toilet bowl seal. They’re usually made of beeswax and a heckuva lot cheaper than the specialty stuff!
Invisible tambour canvas
Unfortunately, the un-primed white canvas that’s most often recommended for gluing up tambours (roll-tops) will easily show through between the slats when the tambour is rolled up and down. This is especially true on projects with dark-colored slats.
To solve this problem, use dark brown (or appropriate colored) fabric dies to darken the canvas before assembling the tambours. Be sure it’s completely dry and iron the canvas before gluing-up your tambour.
Keeping machine pulleys from working loose
Machine pulley setscrews have a tendency to work loose at the most inopportune times.
To prevent this, replace your standard setscrews with two shorter ones approximating the length of your original. Tighten the first setscrew against the shaft of your machine or motor, and then tighten the second setscrew against the first.
Re-gluing edge splinters on projects
Use a heated clothing iron to set yellow wood glue quickly when repairing splintered areas. Set the iron on medium heat and touch it to the glued splinter for no more than 30 seconds. Be careful not to get glue on your spouse’s iron. A piece of the brown paper grocery bag or a couple of thicknesses of cloth between the iron and the surface to be glued will help prevent this problem.
Router bit, shaper cutter or molding knife makes custom-shaped “hand scraper”
If you’ve just used your router, shaper or molder to cut a profile in a workpiece but aren’t quite satisfied with the smoothness of your final cut, remove the bit or cutter from your power tool and use it as a profiled “hand scraper” to smooth-out your cut.
make-it-yourself carrying handle for sheet goods
Cut a 1″ x 1″ rabbet along one edge of an 18″ long piece of 2″ x 2″. Screw & glue your 2″ x 2″ flush with the bottom (18″) edge of an 18″ long x 8″ wide piece of 1/2″ or 3/4″ plywood. The connection of the two pieces of stock should create an “L” and a 1″ deep by 1″ wide channel near the bottom of your plywood piece.
Near the opposite edge of your plywood piece, drill two 3/8″ diameter holes, down about 1″ from its top edge and about 4″ in from each end. Slip the two ends of a 30″ long piece of clothesline through these two holes and knot the ends to form a carrying handle.
To carry your 4′ x 8′ sheet goods, simply set the edge of your sheet into the channel formed by your plywood and 2″ x 2″, reach around and grab your rope handle and carry.
Magnetic tool/accessory holder
Whether you’re working with a Shopsmith MARK V or other brands of tools, it’s always handy to have your set-up tools (such as chuck keys, Allen wrenches, etc.) nearby for changing bits, blades and similar set-ups. One way to do this is to attach a strong magnet to the machine, near the area where these tools will be used.
If your tool is made of aluminum or other non-magnetic materials, attach the magnet with double-stick tape. Old loudspeaker magnets are great for this, as are some of the new “rare Earth” magnets that are available at Radio Shack stores.
Preventing File Tooth Clogging
If you’re filing soft metals (such as aluminum) and resinous woods (such as pine), you may find that the teeth of your file are clogging-up frequently. To avoid this, rub your file first with a piece of ordinary blackboard chalk.
Creating decorative burn lines on your spindle turnings — without burning your fingers
Holding a piece of thin wire or coat hanger against a rotating, turned spindle has always been a great way to create darker accent lines around its circumference. unfortunately, it’s also often been a great way to scorch the old fingers, as well. Next time, try replacing the blade on your coping saw or hacksaw with the wire. You’ll get better control and won’t have to worry about burning your fingers.
Splinter-free cuts on plywood
To prevent splintering when cutting plywood on a table saw, place the “god” side of the plywood up on the table. Set your saw blade to make a cut about 1/8″ deep on the underside and make your first pass. Re-set your blade to cut through the plywood, protruding about 1/4″ above the surface and make the second and final pass.
Saw table picture frame clamp
If you need a clamp for a small picture frame and don’t have one handy, use your table saw.
First, unplug your saw. Drop a 3″ high piece of stock into your miter gauge slot (usually, these slots are 3/4″ wide, so use 3/4″ thick stock). Lower your saw blade below the table surface, cover your tabletop with waxed paper (to keep the glue off) and place your frame between this protruding piece of stock and your rip fence. Slide the fence in toward the protruding stock until it touches the ends of your frame pieces. Apply glue to the corner joints and drop the opposing two pieces into position. Apply pressure across these opposing pieces with bar clamps and allow your glue to set up.
Creating Accurate Toy Wheels
Often, toy wheels can be made by simply slicing them off the ends of wooden dowels. However, this process can sometimes yield wheels that are slightly “wedge-shaped”…being thicker on one side than one another. This problem can be avoided by making a simple cutting jig out of a block of wood. For example…if you’re making 3/4″ diameter wheels, drill a series of 3/4″ diameter holes through the edge of a 2″ x 6″ piece of scrap stock…being certain your holes are perfectly perpendicular to the edge. Insert 6″ lengths of your 3/4″ dowel rod into the holes, then saw through the 2″ x 6” (and your dowel rods simultaneously) with your table saw. When finished, simply pop the short lengths of dowel from their holes in the jig. They will be of a consistent thickness from side-to-side — PLUS — they will have smooth, splinter-free edges, as well.
Smoothing The Edges Of Cut Plastics
Once you’ve cut the edges of Plexiglas, Lexan or similar plastics, you’ll more than likely discover that they’re not as smooth and clear as they were before they were cut. To remedy this problem, clamp your cut piece carefully in a vise with the cut edge facing up.
Fire-up your propane torch and pass a flame lightly and quickly back-and-forth over the cut edge several times until your saw marks disappear. For best results, be sure not to get your flame too close…or to dwell in any single spot for too long.
Cutting & Sizing
Truing the edges of irregular boards
Often, we get boards where neither edge is straight and true…making it difficult to rip to an accurate and consistent width. You can solve this problem by first attaching a known straight-edged piece wood to the top surface of your stock near one edge with a piece of double-stick carpet tape. Use a hand screw to apply momentary pressure at various points along the taped edge to assure good adhesion.
Remove the hand screw and guide the straight-edged piece against your saw’s rip fence to true up the opposing edge. Remove the taped-on strip, flip your stock over and rip the opposing edge straight and true.
Simple handsaw tricks
Handsaws will cut differently, depending on the angle at which they’re held while you make the cut. For the fastest cutting, hold your saw perpendicular (at a 90-degree angle) to the workpiece surface. Be aware that this technique will result in a fairly rough cut. For a smoother, general-purpose cut, hold your saw at a 45 to 50-degree angle. For the smoothest cut, swing your saw to a shallow 15 to 20-degree angle to the workpiece surface. This approach, will, however, require considerably more time to complete your cut.
Make-it-yourself bandsaw tire cleaner
It’s a fact that Bandsaw tires will last much longer if they’re kept clean. You can make a simple, self-cleaning system for your tires from a couple of old discarded toothbrushes.
Just cut the handles off to about 3″ long, heat them up with a candle or torch and bend them to a 90-degree angle. Then, simply screw them to the inside of your bandsaw’s “cabinet” so the bristles ride constantly against the tires’ surfaces during operation… “sweeping” the dust and debris off as you work.
Convenient Blade Storage
Scroll Saw & Jigsaw blades can be conveniently stored in short lengths of small diameter PVC pipe. Seal one end with a PVC cap and the other with a removable cork. Use a marker to write blade sizes, etc. on the outsides of your pipes.
Super-smooth resawing cuts
If you’re trying to resaw thin strips of wood from not-too-thick stock (up to 3″ or so) with a 1/4″ to 3/8″ wide bandsaw blade and find that you’re getting rough-cut surfaces… your problem is more than likely caused by the “set” in your blade’s teeth. You can solve this problem with the blade you have by squeezing the “set” out of your blade’s teeth using a set of smooth-jawed pliers or in the smooth, metal jaws of a machinist’s vice. By eliminating the “set”, you’ll have to feed your stock through the cut more slowly, but your final results will be smoother.
Matching kerfs make cleaner cuts
The saw kerf on the surface of a radial arm saw table controls the smoothness of the cut you make. Over time, this kerf keeps getting wider and wider, thus providing less back-up for your workpiece and more splintering on each cut. You can solve this problem by filling the kerf with epoxy-based wood filler or auto body filler. Allow the filler to dry and pass your saw’s blade through it slowly, making a new kerf.
Four tables saw safety tips
- Attach your push stick to the wall or the front of your saw with Velcro or sticky-backed magnets so you can grab it quickly when needed.
- ALWAYS use your saw guards and splitters to keep your hands clear of the blade and prevent the saw kerf from closing up on the blade and causing a kickback.
- Try to avoid cutting crooked or warped stock, as it is much more likely to twist and bind during cutting.
- When ripping, always be certain to feed your stock all the way past the blade until the cut is complete to avoid kickbacks. Use a push stick to keep your hands clear of the blade at all times.
When a wire wheel loses its cutting abilities
After a lot of use, a wire wheel can get dull and ineffective. The first and most obvious approach to getting more work out of it is to reverse its direction of rotation. Usually, this will extend its life for a while. However, it will eventually become dull while running in this direction, as well. When this happens, reverse its rotation once again and run it against a coarse-grit sharpening stone or grindstone to create sharp, new tips on the bristles.
Safely holding ultra-small pieces for bandsawing
Sometimes, it’s necessary to cut extremely small pieces of stock that are impossible to grasp properly without getting your fingers well inside the red “safety zone”…where fingers aren’t supposed to be! This problem can often be solved by guiding your stock with the eraser ends of two pencils.
Setting a saw fence parallel to the blade
Setting your rip fence so it’s parallel to the blade could be a difficult task. If you have a Shopsmith MARK V, your owner’s manual will tell you how to do this. If you don’t have a MARK V owner’s manual…or you’re using another type of table saw, you can also make any necessary adjustments by using a set of inside calipers. Lock the calipers in position at approximately 6″ apart. Touch one leg of your calipers to your fence face and the other leg to a selected blade tip where it meets the table surface at the FRONT of your table insert slot. Rotate your blade so the SAME tip is now meeting with the table surface at the BACK of your table insert slot. Adjust your fence setting or worktable so this distance is identical at both ends of your table insert slot.
Super-smooth cutting router bits
The next time you need super-smooth edges on a shallow mortise or cut, try using metalworking end mills. They usually have four or more flutes and will, therefore, produce very smooth edges when you’re making shallow cuts. Be aware, however, that their flutes are very shallow and not good for clearing out waste as they cut. That’s why they’re best reserved for shallow cuts or final edge smoothing.
Clamps / Clamping
Giant, Make-It-Yourself “Clothespin” Clamps
Picture how a wooden clothespin is made. Two pieces of wood with semi-circular cutouts that pivot on the “barrel” of a spring. Now, imagine how you could duplicate this design to make some handy clamps. For example, start with a piece of hardwood stock, 3/4″ thick by 2″ wide x 12″ long. Lay your stock on the benchtop and drill a 1/2″ hole through the 3/4″ thickness, centered, 1″ in from each side and about 4″ from one end.
Next, rip your 2″ wide piece in half from end-to-end, cutting through the center of your 1/2″ hole. This will leave a semi-circular notch in each of your two jaw pieces.
Cut a piece of 3/4″ diameter dowel rod to a length of 3/4″. Position your dowel rod in the semi-circular notches between the two jaw pieces to create a fulcrum point. Wrap a large rubber band around the short, clamping ends to apply pressure. Simple.
Three Ways To Improve The “Glide” Of Machine Table Surfaces
- Coat the table surfaces with paste-type furniture wax
- Rub non-medicated talcum power into table surfaces with a cloth
- Sprinkle cornstarch on table surfaces with a saltshaker.
Sandbag veneer press
When you need to apply a thin veneer to a project surface, you can often hold it in position while your glue sets up by placing pillowcases filled with (dry) sand on top of the veneer. Miscellaneous Tips Attaining wrinkle-free felt drawer/box bottoms Start by cutting a piece of cardboard to the bottom dimensions, less about 1/32″. Lay a piece of feeling on your benchtop with the sized cardboard on top, positioned in one corner.
Be sure your felt is large enough to extend about 1/2″ beyond the two corner edges. Cut the other two edges to the same 1/2″ overlap with a SHARP artist’s utility knife and straightedge.
Next, cut a 45-degree notch out of the felt in each corner. Spread a strip of quick setting craft-type glue around the edges of the cardboard and wrap your felt around and into the glue strip, pulling all the wrinkles out as you go. Don’t pull too tightly or you’ll “bow” the bottom.
Once everything’s set up properly, apply a dab or two of glue to the backside of your cardboard and drop it into position in your drawer or box bottom.
Improving the grip of wooden vise jaws
Grasping dowels, threaded rods, pipe and similar round objects in the jaws of a vise without slipping or damaging the object you’re holding can be tough. And, if the only vise you own is a woodworker’s vise, its smooth jaws make the job even tougher. This problem can be solved by first inserting the object to be gripped into a piece of rubber or plastic hose before grasping it in your vise. You can use a garden hose, surgical hose, automotive radiator hose, etc. Just match the hose size to the object.
You’ll get a great grip, won’t damage the threads of your threaded rod and won’t mar the jaws of your wooden vise.
Make-it-yourself round-nose sander
Sometimes, you need a hemispherical-shaped sander for getting into rounded areas of a project. This one can be made quite easily with a 3-1/2″ long by 3/8″ diameter carriage bolt, a couple of nuts and washers, a 1/2″ thick wooden disc, a child’s sponge rubber-filled ball cut in half and a piece of lightweight sandpaper cut into a disc with pie-shaped cuts made around the edges.
Make the wooden disc the same diameter as the diameter of your ball. Drill a 3/8″ hole in the center and attach the 3/8″ bolt to the disc with the washers & nuts. Cut off the bolt head. Next, use hot melt glue to bond the hemispherical ball to the disc and allow it to dry. Stretch your sandpaper over the ball with the pie-shaped cuts overlapping. Affix it to the edges of the wooden disc with staples or a hose clamp. Chuck the end of the 3/8″ bolt into your portable drill or drill press and go to work.
Attaching Abrasive Paper To Contoured Sanding Blocks
Sometimes, it’s necessary to make specially contoured hand sanding blocks for smoothing out the shaped edges of cabinets and furniture projects. Some examples might be drop-leaf joints, ogees, beaded edges, etc. To do this, we have to make “mirror-image” sanding blocks with coved or rounded-over edges. Once the block is created, an abrasive paper must be attached to it. Unfortunately, this paper can lose its abrasive properties quickly and could require frequent replacement before the job’s done.
One way to solve this problem is to mount your abrasives to the blocks with special “feathering disc adhesive” used by auto body repair technicians to hold abrasive discs to air-powered rotary or block-type sanders.
Available at auto paint stores, this special adhesive remains tacky underuse, allowing the worn-out sandpaper to be removed and replaced a number of times.
Make-it-yourself contour hand sander
A deck (or two) of old playing cards can make a great contour sanding block for moldings and shaped edges. Just wrap a piece of sandpaper around the long edge of your deck(s) and grasp the opposing faces/backs. Press the deck edges into your shaped edge and sand away. It’s important that you use sandpaper with a thin, pliable backing when performing this operation as stiff-backed papers won’t conform properly.
The next time you need to sand the inside of a hole or a small radius, try this trick. Slip a piece of sandpaper or steel wool through the two halves of a large cotter pin (at the rounded end) so the abrasive extends about 1″ beyond each side of the pin. Chuck the pin into your portable drill or drill press and go to work.
Quicker replacement of palm/pad sander sheets
Cut a sheet of plywood that’s the same overall size and thickness as the pad on your sander.
Wrap your new sheet of sandpaper around the block and crease both ends of the paper nicely over the block before installing it on your sander.
A “Non-Skid Parking Lot” For Your Orbital Or Pad Sander
Most power sanders won’t come to an instantaneous stop when they’re turned off. As a result, when you flip them off and set them down on the benchtop, they could easily scoot off the bench and onto the floor. By keeping a small piece of carpet on your benchtop, you’ll have a place to set your sander when you turn it off…without fear of it scooting off the benchtop.
Smooth Sanding Lathe Turnings
Most turners smooth their spindle turnings on the lathe with sandpaper or steel wool. It just makes more sense to do it this way.
However, unless you do it properly, you’ll still have protruding wood fibers or “whiskers” when you’ve finished.
The secret is to smooth your turning once in the same direction. Then, turn your spindle around in the lathe, end-for-end (or reverse your lathe) and smooth it again while it’s turning in the opposite direction.
By following this procedure, these protruding fibers will be eliminated completely.
Protecting the tips of chisels
Nicked chisel edges are worthless. To protect the sharpened tips of your bench chisels, try cutting small slits in old, discarded tennis balls, racquetballs or handballs. Then, just insert the tips of your chisels into them to prevent those troublesome nicks. Gluing, Assembly, Fastening
Pegboard nailing protectors
Cut 9″ long x 1-1/2″ wide strips of ordinary pegboard to use as protectors when nailing project components together. Just drop one of the holes in the pegboard strip down over the head of your nail and onto your workpiece surface before driving your nail home. If you slip with the hammer, you’ll hit the pegboard instead of your workpiece surface.
Small, make-it-yourself nail-puller
Ordinary hammer claws are often just too big and cumbersome for removing small brads, tacks or finishing nails. But you can make a claw that’s perfect for the job by using a small, triangular metal file to create a small “claw” in one of the regular claws on your full-sized hammer. This will give you “a claw within a claw” that you can use the next time you have to pull a small brad, nail or carpet tack.
Make a rasp from old saw blades
A fast-cutting wood rasp can be easily made from a series of old hacksaw blades. Just alternate the direction of the teeth and bolt them together through their attachment holes. Use two to four blades to make a really narrow rasp for those tiny jobs….or an inch-high stack (or even more) when you need a wide rasp for removing a lot of stock in a hurry. For a handle, try wrapping one end with duct tape.
Rust preventative drawer liners
The number one enemy of hand tools is rust.
To keep rust to a minimum, line the bottoms of your bench and tool chest drawers with scraps of short-pile carpet. Lightly coat the carpet with 10-weight machine oil or WD-40. This will help minimize the dangers of rust on your tools.
How to make varying depth rabbets with a single bit
You can easily adjust the cutting depth of your bearing-piloted rabbeting bit by merely changing the diameter of the bearing pilot.
The outside diameters of the bearing pilots on different style bits can vary significantly, while most of these bearings have the same center hole diameter. Just switch to a larger O.D. bearing for a shallower rabbet….and a smaller O.D. bearing for a deeper rabbet.
“Hearing” The Phone Over Running Machinery
It’s hard to hear the ring of a phone over the noise of operating woodworking machinery. Your local Radio Shack store has a solution…in the form of a little device they call a “Phone Flasher”. Just attach it to any phone line and plug it in light. When the phone rings, it will flash the light, alerting you to the ring.
Jointer & Thickness Planer
Eliminating Jointer/Planer Tear-Out
If you’re experiencing tear-outs when jointing or planing cross-grained woods, here’s a trick worth remembering. Before making your pass over the knives, use a cloth or sponge to apply a light coat of water, raising the wood grain slightly. Let your water soak in for a minute or two, then make a light 1/32″ or less pass across the machine. If you’re still getting some tear-out, repeat the process and allow the water to soak in for a little longer before trying again.
Clean boards save knives
Dirt and grit on the surfaces of boards can dull planer or jointer knives quickly. Before planning or jointing old or soiled boards, clean their surfaces thoroughly. Wipe dust, mud or soil off surfaces with a damp cloth and allow to dry. If you suspect embedded grit such as sand or stones, wire brush all surfaces prior to planning or jointing.